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Ranges, ovens and cooktops include built-in and free-standing cooking appliances. All of these can be powered by natural gas, propoane or electricity. Home inspectors generally only focus on built-in appliances.
In addition to verifying that the appliances are functional, a thorough home inspector will focus on several things. He will check the power source. If gas, he'll make sure there are no leaks in the line and that the appliance is connected properly. For electric appliances, he'll make sure that the oven, range or cooktop is set up on its own circuit to prevent a fire hazard and to avoid the inconvenience of the breaker being tripped. For appliances located near the sink, he'll make sure that they have the necessary GFCI (ground fault circuit interrupters) outlets.